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    拜登政府允許2萬多委內瑞拉非法移民入境美國

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    The administration of U.S. President Joe Biden has agreed to accept up to 24,000 Venezuelan migrants at U.S. airports.

    美國總統喬·拜登領導的政府同意在美國機場接收多達2.4萬名委內瑞拉移民。

    Mexico has also agreed to take back Venezuelans who come to the U.S. illegally by land, the United States and Mexico said Wednesday.

    美國和墨西哥周三表示,墨西哥也同意接收通過陸路非法進入美國的委內瑞拉移民。

    The order goes into effect immediately.

    該命令立即生效。

    Venezuelans who walk or swim across the border will be immediately returned to Mexico under a pandemic rule known as Title 42.

    根據一項名為“第42條”的疫情規定,徒步或游泳越過邊境的委內瑞拉移民將會被立即遣返墨西哥。

    The rule suspends rights to seek asylum under U.S. and international law in order to prevent the spread of COVID-19.

    為了防止新冠疫情蔓延,該規定暫停了美國法和國際法賦予移民尋求庇護的權利。

    Any Venezuelan who illegally enters Mexico or Panama after Wednesday will also be prevented from coming to the U.S. under the rule.

    根據這項規定,任何在周三之后非法進入墨西哥或巴拿馬的委內瑞拉人也將被禁止進入美國。

    The U.S. offer of parole for up to 24,000 Venezuelans is similar to a program for Ukrainians who fled Russia's invasion.

    美國為多達2.4萬名委內瑞拉人提供的假釋計劃類似于為逃離俄羅斯入侵的烏克蘭移民提供的計劃。

    Immigration parole permits migrants to enter the U.S. temporarily.

    移民假釋計劃允許移民暫時進入美國。

    The program’s success depends on whether Mexico will take back Venezuelans who enter Mexico illegally, the Department of Homeland Security said.

    美國國土安全部表示,該計劃的成功取決于墨西哥是否會接收非法進入墨西哥的委內瑞拉人。

    The moves are in answer to a large increase in migration from Venezuela.

    采取這些舉措是為了應對大幅增加的委內瑞拉移民。

    Venezuela passed Guatemala and Honduras in August to become the second-largest nationality arriving at the U.S. border.

    今年8月,委內瑞拉移民數量超過危地馬拉和洪都拉斯的移民數量,成為抵達美國邊境的第二大移民國家。

    Alejandro Mayorkas is the Homeland Security secretary.

    亞歷杭德羅·馬約卡斯是美國國土安全部部長。

    He said: “Those who attempt to cross the southern border of the United States illegally will be returned to Mexico and will be ineligible for this process in the future.

    他說:“那些試圖非法越過美國南部邊境的人將會被遣返回墨西哥,今后將沒有資格進入這一程序。

    Those who follow the lawful process will have the opportunity to travel safely to the United States and become eligible to work here.”

    那些遵循合法程序的人將有機會安全前往美國,并有資格在這里工作?!?/p>

    Until now, Mexico has agreed to accept migrants expelled under Title 42 only if they are from Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador, as well as Mexico.

    到目前為止,墨西哥已經同意接收根據第42條被驅逐的移民,但前提是他們來自危地馬拉、洪都拉斯和薩爾瓦多以及墨西哥。

    The U.S. struggles to expel other nationalities because of costs, poor diplomatic relations and other reasons.

    由于費用、糟糕的外交關系等原因,美國很難驅逐其他國籍的人。

    Poor relations with the Venezuelan government have made it very hard to apply Title 42 to Venezuelans.

    與委內瑞拉政府的糟糕關系使得第42條很難適用于委內瑞拉人。

    The pandemic rule has been used 2.3 million times since March 2020 but used only 2,453 times on Venezuelans.

    自2020年3月以來,該疫情規定已經被使用了230萬次,但對委內瑞拉人只使用了2453次。

    In August, Venezuelans were stopped 25,349 times at the U.S. southern border.

    今年8月,委內瑞拉人在美國南部邊境被攔截了25349次。

    That is a 43 percent increase from July and four times the amount from August 2021.

    這比7月份增長了43%,是2021年8月的4倍。

    An estimated 6.8 million Venezuelans have fled their country since its economic crisis in 2014, mostly to Latin America and Caribbean countries.

    據估計,自2014年委內瑞拉發生經濟危機以來,已有680萬委內瑞拉人逃離該國,其中大部分逃往拉丁美洲和加勒比國家。

    But the U.S. economy’s strength since the pandemic has led Venezuelan migrants to look north.

    但自疫情爆發以來,美國經濟的強勁勢頭促使委內瑞拉移民將目光投向北方。

    Venezuelans who successfully apply to the new program online must come to the United States through an airport.

    在網上成功申請新項目的委內瑞拉人必須通過機場來到美國。

    That is similar to an effort that began in April to admit up to 100,000 Ukrainians fleeing war.

    這與4月份開始的一項舉措類似,該計劃接收了多達10萬名逃離戰爭的烏克蘭人。

    Venezuelans, like Ukrainians, must have someone providing financial support in the United States.

    委內瑞拉人和烏克蘭人一樣,必須有人在美國提供經濟支持。

    They also must find a way to reach the United States.

    他們還必須找到到達美國的方法。

    There are currently no flights permitted from Venezuela to the U.S.

    目前沒有從委內瑞拉飛往美國的航班。

    It is also possible that Mexico limits how many Venezuelans it will accept from the United States.

    墨西哥也有可能限制從美國接收委內瑞拉人的數量。

    Mexico said in its statement that it will “temporarily allow some Venezuelan citizens” to be returned.

    墨西哥在其聲明中表示,將“暫時允許部分委內瑞拉公民”返回。

    The 24,000 spots that the U.S. is offering is less than the number of Venezuelans that crossed the border illegally from Mexico in just the month of August.

    美國提供的2.4萬個名額少于8月份從墨西哥非法越境的委內瑞拉人的數量。

    I’m Dan Novak.

    丹·諾瓦克為您播報。

    譯文為可可英語翻譯,未經授權請勿轉載!

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